Without the trade preferences given by the U.S., the U.S. tariff on mangoes would rise from zero to 6.6 cents per kilogram if the trade pact is voided. That translate to about 28 cents per carton, Watson said.
Watson said Ecuador has three mango packinghouses and as many as 20 exporters.
While Ecuador is given duty-free access to the U.S. for many of its exports to the U.S. under the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act, it does not grant the same tariff-free access to the U.S. fresh produce, according to Mark Powers, vice president of the Northwest Horticultural Council, Yakima, Wash.
Powers said Ecuador is a limited market for U.S. apples, taking only about 50,000 to 100,000 cartons per year. U.S. apple exports must pay a duty of about 17% to access the market in Ecuador, Powers said.
“There was hope that Ecuador would roll into one of the free trade agreements but it never really happened,” he said.