In 1990, planted tomato area in Mexico was 210,036 acres. That declined to 130,965 in 2011-12, according to the report. However, Mexico’s tomato acreage in protected agriculture grew from 32,173 acres in 2011-12 to 34,500 acres in 2012-13, according to the report.
The tomato-producing states of Sinaloa and Baja California see acres switching from open field production to protected production, according to the report, and used less area while increasing yields. Other regions began to build protected infrastructure to grow tomatoes, cucumbers, bell peppers, zucchini, strawberries, and flowers, according to the USDA.
Greenhouse/shade-house operations are concentrated in the states of Sinaloa, Baja California and Jalisco, but there are also greenhouse operations in the states of Colima, Mexico, Hidalgo, Michoacán, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, and Zacatecas, according to the report.
The report said Mexican growers are seeking to find new export markets after the rocky negotiations with the U.S. for a new tomato suspension agreement. Exporters have shipped some tomatoes to China, Hong Kong and Panama and the report said pilot shipments have been made to Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and other Asian countries.