The National Mango Board, Orlando, Fla., presented three new mango-related studies at the 2014 Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology.

The conference was April 26-30 in San Diego. The mango studies reveal research on the effects of mango consumption on ulcerative colitis and skeletal health in animal models.

At a lab at Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, rats were given mango or pomegranate juice and then were exposed to three cycles of 3% dextran sulfate sodium followed by a two-week recovery period. The study found that mango juice induced changes in short chain fatty acid production while pomegranate juice brought about changes in the composition of microbiota.

Additional research explored the anti-inflammatory effects of mango and pomegranate juice in dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in rats. According to the news release, the results suggest that polyphenolics may regulate inflammated pathways while reducing the dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis.

Other research at Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Okla., examined the effects of mango and its polyphenol in preventing bone loss in ovariectomized mice, a model representing postmenopausal osteoporosis. The findings suggest that mango consumption may promote skeletal health, when deficient in estrogen, through its effects on a type of tissue that forms the bone.