In a proposed rule published April 10 in the Federal Register, the USDA’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service announced that the Philippines mango-growing regions of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao are free of two pests — mango seed weevil and mango pulp weevil.
In addition, APHIS has determined that Palawan, an island province of the Philippines, is free of mango seed weevil.
APHIS also has ruled that the mango pulp weevil can be neutralized with a lower dose of irradiation than the current generic dose for most plant pests.
Under current regulations, Philippine mangoes may only be exported to the U.S. from the island of Guimaras, which was previously ruled free of both mango seed weevil and mango pulp weevil.
Philippine mangoes may not be shipped to Hawaii and Guam, which both have mango seed weevil.
APHIS also is proposing to make it easier for additional Philippine growing areas to export mangoes to the U.S. if they are found to be pest-free. If new areas are recognized, they would be added to a list of approved areas without having to go through a proposed-rule process.
In 2013, the U.S. imported 155 metric tons of mangoes worth $424,000 from the Philippines, up from 50 metric tons worth $118,000 in 2009, according to the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service.