The moth wasn’t in producing areas, but the resulting quarantine and need to develop protocols torpedoed Mexican business. That country’s produce tariffs didn’t help, either. Exports there shrunk from 100,000 cartons to 17,000. It nudged back up to 36,000 in 2010, a trend that should continue as the issues move toward resolution, Ott said.
And California, the fifth-largest U.S. producer of apples, remains second only to Washington as an exporter. Main destinations are Canada, Malaysia, Taiwan and Mexico.