Production of top fresh-market non-potato vegetables and melons fell 1% in 2010, but their value increased 3%.

About 435 million cwt. of 24 leading crops were produced last year on about 1.7 million acres, with a total value of $11.2 billion, according to the Jan. 27 Vegetables: 2010 Summary report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.

Onions, head lettuce and watermelon were the three top-volume crops in 2010.

About 73 million cwt. of onions, 51 million cwt. of head lettuce and 41 million cwt. of watermelons were produced last year.

Tomatoes, onions and head lettuce were the most valuable crops.

Tomato sales totaled about $1.39 billion, onions $1.38 billion and head lettuce $1.2 billion.

California accounted for 49% of fresh-market vegetable production last year, Florida 8%, Arizona 7%, Georgia 5% and New York 4%.

California’s crops made up 48% of the total value of 2010 crops, Florida’s 14%, Arizona’s 8%, Washington’s 5% and Georgia’s 4%.

The report is available at