California’s dry winter cut into citrus production and created uncertainties for the state’s melon deal as summer approached, but table grapes appear poised for an encore to last year’s record crop.
Meanwhile stone fruit supplies have nowhere to go but up, barring a repeat of last year’s freak hail storm. Growers are hoping volumes return to normal in that category. And the state’s blueberries are surging as young plants come online, while strawberries’ usual peak months have begun.
Citrus may be smaller
Subpar winter rains brought down fruit size on navel oranges.
The state crop, earlier estimated at 90 million cartons, may finish around 84 million, Joel Nelsen, president of Exeter-based California Citrus Mutual, said in late March.
Navels should continue through mid-June.
With 1,000 fewer acres in production this year — resuming a long-term downward trend as growers switch to other varieties — summer valencias are projected to come in at 25 million 40-pound cartons, down from 28 million a year ago.
Water cuts hit melons
In the Westside melon deal, growers got bad news March 22 when the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation announced federal water allocations would be 20% of normal, down from earlier estimates of 35% to 40%.
“Guys are struggling with half the water they thought they were going to have a couple of months ago,” said Steve Patricio, president and chief executive officer of Westside Produce, Firebaugh.
That’s bound to have impacts on summer volumes, Patricio said, but some could be positive if growers of more demanding crops replace them with melons, which need less water.
California production of cantaloupe, honeydew and watermelon begins in Imperial Valley in early May. Some desert growers can run all the way to July Fourth. Bakersfield starts the last week of June and goes to mid-July.
Large table grape crop
Table grapes posted a record 101.5 million boxes shipped last season, according to the Fresno-based California Table Grape Commission.
With more acreage coming on, the industry could expect another large crop, said George Matoian, sales and marketing director for Kingsburg, Calif.-based Visalia Produce Sales Inc.
In late March, bud breaks were as even as he’d seen them in years, Matoian said. That portends uniform crop maturation.
Demand remains strong despite last year’s record volume, said Rick Paul, sales executive director for Bakersfield, Calif.-based Sun World International LLC.