Tomatoes grab attention as crops from western Mexico gain steam

02/13/2012 01:57:00 PM
Mike Hornick

The approach of spring means more Mexican melons, mangoes and other commodities crossing the border at Nogales, Ariz.

But as February began, tomatoes were still the talk of the town. If they could hear what’s being said, they’d turn redder than usual.

“There’s a glut of tomatoes on the market,” said Steve Yubeta, vice president of sales for Nogales-based Farmer’s Best International.

Between Florida and Mexico production, an oversupply on all varieties sent prices tumbling in January.

“The minimum price on tomatoes is around 22 cents a pound according to the Department of Commerce suspension agreement (with Mexico), and a substantial portion of fruit is being sold at that right now,” Jim Cathey, general manager of Nogales-based Del Campo Supreme, said in late January.

That’s about $5.50 for a 25-pound box.

In Florida, Arizona and Texas some shippers pointed fingers at their counterparts in the other regions. But blame was being laid — or relief sought — across the supply chain.

“It’s not just the fact there’s all this volume,” Cathey said.

“It’s the reluctance to promote. A lot of major retailers are just laying back, content to make substantial margins. They had the hammer out after the freeze last year expecting to be covered. Now when people are looking for some reciprocity, it’s not there in the same spirit as when we were covering the shortages.”

Chuck Ciruli III, chief executive officer of Nogales-based Ciruli Bros. LLC, said his company was finding some relief in urban markets.

“A lot of the Hispanic chains are getting aggressive and selling tomatoes at good prices,” he said.

“You see that in places like Los Angeles and Chicago. As bigger retailers see what they’re able to do with volume, we’re hoping they’ll follow.”

“The shippers have to take responsibility for not setting up ads before,” Cathey said.

“We can call a Hispanic chain and have an ad for the weekend. Major retailers want to know what you can do for them in March. If I’m still in business, I’ll see if we can help you out.”

Some cool temperatures early in the Mexico growing season benefited tomato plants, Ciruli said, but forced production into a tighter time frame.

“Once it got warm, we had more stuff,” Ciruli said. “We got the amount we planned, but in a shorter time span.”

Ciruli, Yubeta and Cathey all expect the glut to ease by March 1 or sooner.

While tomatoes consumed shippers’ thoughts, consumers bent on honeydew had to pay the price for light supplies of the melon coming out of Mexico.

“Comparing January 2012 to January 2011, I don’t think we’ll make it to 25% of last year’s volume,” said Miguel Suarez, managing partner for MAS Melons & Grapes LLC, Nogales.

“We’re selling for prices I’ve never seen before on honeydews.”

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, unofficial prices on Mexican honeydews crossing at Nogales were $20.35-23.95 for 2/3 cartons of 5-6s on Jan. 30.

Not many were crossing, though. Only five loads entered the U.S. in a recent reporting period, said Shelley Harrison-Valdivia, vice president of Nogales-based Al Harrison Co. Some of those crossed at other ports.

The effects of October’s Hurricane Jova on the Colima crop, the emergence of a virus that yellows plants and the lag caused by replanting all played a part in the shortage, grower-shippers said.

Volume should build gradually each week, Danny Mandel, president of Rio Rico, Ariz.-based SunFed said in early February.

Central American honeydews were also in short supply.

Ciruli Bros. has a late deal on green, yellow and gray squash, plus bell peppers, out of Hermosillo that starts in mid- to late-February and goes into the first week of May. The company’s late cucumber deal, in Caborca, goes into the first week of July.

“It looks like normal volume on those commodities,” Ciruli said.

The Sykes Co., Rio Rico, offers squashes now through May. Bill Sykes, president, said he expects the company’s watermelon deal to start up in the first week of April.

Al Harrison Co. does substantial volume in acorn, spaghetti and butternut squashes.

“All of the hardshell has been fairly short,” Brent Harrison, president, said Jan. 30.

“A light freeze around Christmas affected some Mexican crops. They replanted and supply will increase for February and March.”

In late January, fields were just being broken in Guasava, Mexico.

To its usual lineup of mangoes and hot peppers, Nogales-based Diazteca Co. plans to add cactus leaves.

“We’re not growing those,” Liz Lizarraga, saleswoman, said Jan. 25. “We’re buying them to import from Mexico.”

Mexico production is year-round on nearly all commodities, but moves around.



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Kevin Anderson    
Canada  |  February, 14, 2012 at 12:57 PM

Many tomatoes are grown hydroponically. Hydroponic tomatoes can taste as good as tomatoes grown in rich soil outdoors. Hydroponic vegetable gardening is fun and easy but there are some factors that influence their growth:- Temperature - Tomatoes do best within a range of 55-85 degrees F. Tomato plants can be severely damaged or killed by prolonged cold or even a brief exposure to frost. Tomatoes can handle high temperatures, but are damaged by prolonged temperatures over 93 degrees F. Nutrients - Tomatoes need properly-designed nutrients that are easily absorbed, properly balanced, and rich in nitrogen and other components. Light - Whether grown indoors or outdoors, tomato plants need exposure to full, strong light for at least five hours each day. Pollination – If tomatoes are to bear fruit, they need to be pollinated. Unless growers are going to engage in artificial pollination, the plants must be accessible to pollinators, which can include insects and wind. Obviously, it is difficult to provide pollinator access to plants grown indoors or in greenhouses. Overall environmental conditions - Tomato plants suffer when there are windy conditions, extreme heat or cold, polluted air or soils, or presence of insects, blight or disease. Tomatoes need adequate water, but they do not need to be drowned. Avoid overwatering as much as you guard against drought. http://advancednutrients.com/hydroponics/articles/vegetable-gardening/if-you-love-tomatoes-make-them-bigger-healthier-tastier.php

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