Happy Monday! Today is May 5, also known as Cinco De Mayo for those of you in Rio Linda.

 Some fun facts about the holiday and related stats from the Census Bureau (2012 release)

The gist: Cinco de Mayo celebrates the legendary Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862, in which a Mexican force of 4,500 men faced 6,000 well-trained French soldiers. The battle lasted four hours and ended in a victory for the Mexican army under Gen. Ignacio Zaragoza. Along with Mexican Independence Day on Sept. 16, Cinco de Mayo has become a time to celebrate Mexican heritage and culture.

Other pertinent facts, according to Census:

Mexican Population; 31.8 million .The number of U.S. residents of Mexican origin, according to the 2010 Census. These residents accounted for about three-quarters (63 percent) of the 50.5 million Hispanics and increased 54 percent, growing from 20.6 million in 2000 to 31.8 million in 2010.

Geographic Distribution: 61%. Percentage of the Mexican-origin population in the United States that resided in California (11.4 million) and Texas (8.0 million) in 2010.

Foreign-Born: 11.7 million, Number of Mexican-born U.S. residents in 2010, representing 29 percent of the foreign-born population.

Language spoken at home: 75.3%. Percentage of Mexican-origin people who spoke a language other than English at home; among these people, 36 percent spoke English less than “very well.” Among the population as a whole, the corresponding figures were 21 percent and 9 percent, respectively.

 The Census Bureau forgot a key stat, and so I was wondering .. how many avocados are sold for Cinco de Mayo. I Googled it and Dallasnews.com had the answer. 81 million pounds. Remind me to pick up some guac on the way home.

Despite the giant appetite for avocados this week, a check of the USDA’s average price tool  how a stable f.o.b. market of about $31 per carton for all origins.

Speaking of census, the U.S. has published the 2012 Agricultural Census.

Find the link to state level data here ...

While there is a ton of data available now, the USDA said that info on specialty crops - national and state data on number of farms, land in farms, irrigated acreage, value of sales, and operator characteristics for specialty crops as defined in the 2008 Farm Bill - won’t be available until December 2014.

However, check out this comparison table for acreage of California fruits, 2007 and 2007. 

 Find the California vegetable acreage report here.

I listened to Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack news conference about immigration reform, held with labor leaders this afternoon. Yes, it is the same passioned pleas for reform,  except that labor leaders are putting pressure on California GOP Whip Rep. Kevin McCarthy to spur the GOP for a vote. Stay  tuned for Packer coverage.