Improper management of transportation units or storage facilities to preclude crosscontamination, including improper sanitation, backhauling hazardous materials, not maintaining tanker wash records, improper disposal of wastewater, and aluminum phosphide fumigation methods in railcar transit.
Improper packing of transportation units or storage facilities, including incorrect use of packing materials and poor pallet quality.
Improper loading practices, conditions, or equipment, including improper sanitation of loading equipment, not using dedicated units where appropriate, inappropriate loading patterns, and transporting mixed loads that increase the risk for crosscontamination.
Improper unloading practices, conditions, or equipment, including improper sanitation of equipment and leaving raw materials on loading docks after hours.
Lack of security for transportation units or storage facilities, including lack of or improper use of security seals and lack of security checks or records of transporters.
Poor pest control in transportation units or storage facilities.
Lack of driver/employee training and/or supervisor/manager/owner knowledge of food safety and/or security.
Poor transportation unit design and construction.
Inadequate preventive maintenance for transportation units or storage facilities,resulting in roof leaks, gaps in doors, and dripping condensation or ice accumulations.
Poor employee hygiene.
Inadequate policies for the safe and/or secure transport or storage of foods.
Improper handling and tracking of rejected loads and salvaged, reworked, and returned products or products destined for disposal.
Improper holding practices for food products awaiting shipment or inspection,including unattended product, delayed holding of product, shipping of product while in quarantine, and poor rotation and throughput.
Lack of traceability for food products during transportation and storage.