Yes, hot peppers lead to long life. For the second time in two years, researchers have published a study that suggests that people who consume  hot peppers live longer than those who don’t.
The latest study, published Jan. 9, is called “The Association of Hot Red Chili Pepper Consumption and Mortality: A Large Population-Based Cohort Study” is published at
A 2015 study, published in the British Medical Journal, was titled “Consumption of spicy foods and total and cause specific mortality: population based cohort study.”
The 2017 research abstract said that consumption of hot red chili peppers was associated with a 13% reduction in the “instantaneous hazard of death.”
The study didn’t arrive at any definitive reasons why the association might be true, but it did offer a theory or two. From the abstract:

Although the mechanism by which peppers could delay mortality is far from certain, Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channels, which are primary receptors for pungent agents such as capsaicin (the principal component in chili peppers), may in part be responsible for the observed relationship. Activation of TRP vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) appears to stimulate cellular mechanisms against obesity, by altering mediators of lipid catabolism and thermogenesis [27]. Protection against obesity leads to decreased risk of cardiovascular, metabolic and lung diseases.

This research appears credible. In the next round of dietary guidance, perhaps the government should prod us to heat our diets up. Spice it up for a longer - and more  interesting - life.