December 18, 2017 is the compliance deadline for the Electronic Logging Device installation requirement.
( Margy Eckelkamp )

Truck rates are in the passing lane.

While haulers of fresh produce and other agricultural commodities have been given a 90-day temporary waiver from the Department of Transportation’s Electronic Logging Device rule mandate, the ELD regulation went into effect Dec. 18 amid reports of rising truck rates in some regions.

Truck rates on Dec. 19 for refrigerated trucks moving from California’s Imperial Valley to Baltimore ranged from $6,900 to $7,200, up 5% from the previous week and 17% more than the $5,900 to $6,100 rate the same time a year ago, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture truck rate report. 

Mexican produce crossings into Nogales, Ariz., on Dec. 19 saw freight rate increases to major U.S. cities ranging from 6% to 12% higher than the previous week, according to the USDA. 

South Florida truck rates to Atlanta and other destinations increased more than any district Dec. 19, rising 25% to 50% higher than the week before. 

Portland, Ore.-based DAT Solutions, a database of truck pricing information, said the national average spot van rate hit $2.07 per mile in November, the highest monthly average since December 2014, and 5 cents above October levels. DAT said the average reefer rate gained 11 cents to $2.43, the highest monthly average since June 2014.

Truck rates were staying strong in December, said Mark Montague, analyst with DAT Solutions. He said it was difficult to know  how much the firm pricing related to the ELD mandate and how much was related to active demand conditions before the holiday.

“I lot of the independent guys, and some of the older guys, said they were going to quit rather than drive (with the ELD mandate),” he said. “The counterweight to that is that the rates are so good that, if you are an owner-operator, why would you quit?”

Longer haul routes of 500 to 650 miles - typically one-day runs now - may have to be restructured into two-day runs with the ELD mandate, he said.

Freight rates typically sag in February and Montague said what the market does that month will be revealing.

“How February compares with the prior year will tell us a lot about the ELD mandate and whether we have enough capacity to get the job done,” he said.

With truck rates rising in mid-December, an estimated 3% to 5% of trucks may be out of service as they go home for the holiday and prepare for the ELD mandate, said Ryan Beno, operations manager for Visalia, Calif.-based Advanced Transportation Services, 

“The best gauge will be after Christmas to find out what the true rates will be,” he said.


 ELD uncertainty

Replacing paper logs, an ELD is an electronic device connected to a truck’s engine that tracks hours of service compliance.

Even though the hours of service requirement for truckers isn’t changing in December, some industry leaders think the less flexible, more precise enforcement of hours of service could add to delivered costs of goods and add one or more days in cross-country shipments. 

Industry leaders say most of the larger carriers are already using electronic logbooks for years, so the largest impact from the rule will fall on small carriers and owner-operators. Owner-Operator Independent Drivers Association has pushed, without success, for a two-year delay in the regulation.

Submitted by Albert on Wed, 12/20/2017 - 13:13

Trump wake up! Don't listen to idiot's from ATA. The mandate is not about safety. There will be more accidents and more people will die. It will cause economic crisis. GOD BLESS AMERICA!

Submitted by Tige Johnson on Wed, 12/20/2017 - 19:01

The Packer has mentioned multiple times now that "Fresh Produce" has a 90 day delay on the ELD. Where are you getting that info from? According to the FMCSA - "non processed" produce is not exempt. The delay is for Field to processor and only during "planting and or harvest seasons". I believe you may be reporting based on assumptions by the tricky wording that he FMCSA has used. Perhaps, you could do all of produce land and it's haulers such as myself a solid and verify. Some clarity would be awesome!

Submitted by steve on Thu, 12/21/2017 - 22:29

i came home on the 15th. screw em. im not working with a government probe up my azz

Submitted by Me on Fri, 12/22/2017 - 05:34

Trump isn't going to anything. And those who are parking it and believe that's going to make a difference you're wrong. Just frees up parking. You won't be missed

Submitted by Jerry on Fri, 12/22/2017 - 10:47

True - just like all other jobs where the dynamics of the position change. Some embrace it and go forward to contribute in a new way, others find something else to do.

In reply to by Me (not verified)