While many consumers might associate Hawaii with pineapples, virtually all of U.S. pineapple volume is supplied by imports.
As recently as 1991, Hawaii provided half of total U.S. fresh pineapple supply. That year, total supply of fresh pineapple totaled 503 million pounds, of which Hawaii accounted for 250 million pounds and imports provided 254 million pounds.
Fast-forward to 2006 and Hawaii supplied only 192 million pounds of fresh pineapples and import volume ballooned to 1.4 billion pounds.
By 2015, Hawaii’s contribution to the fresh pineapple supply disappeared altogether, while imports supplied all the fresh pineapple supply of 2.3 billion pounds.
Costa Rica is by far the leading supplier of fresh pineapples to the U.S., providing about 82% of total fresh/frozen pineapple imports worth $668 million in 2016. That is similar to 2012, when Costa Rica accounted for 83% of total imports of $536 million.
Other leading fresh pineapple suppliers include Mexico (7% of total imports in 2016), Honduras (4%), Guatemala (2%) and Thailand (1%).
Since 1990, U.S. imports of Costa Rica pineapple have grown from $29.6 million to $522 million in 2016. Mexico’s pineapple production has jumped from $554,000 in 1990 to $47.7 million in 2016. Honduras has seen growth from $5.4 million in 1990 to $24.8 million in 2016.