Mexico’s avocado output and exports will rise again in 2020 at the same time growers are looking to improve increase yields and improve environmental conditions, according to a new report.
Mexican production volumes in 2019-20 are expected to climb modestly, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s annual Mexican avocado report, released in December, About 87% of U.S. avocado imports are accounted for by Mexican avocados, according to the report.
Mexican avocado production volume from January to October of 2019 totaled 1.83 million metric tons, 4.3% higher in comparison to 2018, according to the report.
The biggest volume of Mexican avocados is typically harvested from October to February, with moderate volume from March to May and lighter volume from June to September.
For 2019-20, the USDA forecasts Mexican avocado production at 2.26 million metric tons, up about 3.6% from 2.18 million metric tons forecast for 2018-19. Production in 2018-19 was up 7.6% compared with 2017-18 as a result of a 9.3% increase in area harvested, according to the report. Mexico’s avocado output is dominated by Michoacán, which accounted for 76% of national production in 2018-19.
For 2019-20, the USDA projects total Mexican avocado acreage of about 581,500 acres, up 1.64% compared with 2018-19. Michoacan avocado area, with about 415,000 acres, will increase less than 1%. Jalisco, the second most important growing region with 58,500 acres, will increase acreage by 5.12%, according to USDA.
For 2018-19, Mexican total avocado exports were 1.145 million metric tons, up 10.66% compared with 2018-19, according to the report.
Mexican avocado exports to the U.S. during 2018-19 were 15.97% higher than the previous year, and another big increase is expected for 2019-20, according to the report. For 2019-20, the report said Mexican avocado exports to the U.S. are forecast at 1 million metric tons, a 12.5% jump compared with 2018-19.